SpaceX Launches Rocket Carrying Christmas Turkey and Fruitcake to the ISS

Welcome! To bring you the best content on our sites and applications, Meredith partners with third party advertisers to serve digital ads, including personalized digital ads. Those advertisers use tracking technologies to collect information about your activity on our sites and applications and across the Internet and your other apps and devices.

You always have the choice to experience our sites without personalized advertising based on your web browsing activity by visiting the DAA’s Consumer Choice page, the NAI’s website, and/or the EU online choices page, from each of your browsers or devices. To avoid personalized advertising based on your mobile app activity, you can install the DAA’s AppChoices app here. You can find much more information about your privacy choices in our privacy policy.

Even if you choose not to have your activity tracked by third parties for advertising services, you will still see non-personalized ads on our site.

By clicking continue below and using our sites or applications, you agree that we and our third party advertisers can:

  • transfer your personal data to the United States or other countries, and
  • process your personal data to serve you with personalized ads, subject to your choices as described above and in our privacy policy.

EU Data Subject Requests

SpaceX Launches Rocket Carrying Christmas Turkey and Fruitcake to the ISS

SpaceX launched the holiday shipment on a Falcon 9 rocket towards the International Space Station on Wednesday.




Divide Continues Between Nations and Companies at United Nations Climate Talks

Welcome! To bring you the best content on our sites and applications, Meredith partners with third party advertisers to serve digital ads, including personalized digital ads. Those advertisers use tracking technologies to collect information about your activity on our sites and applications and across the Internet and your other apps and devices.

You always have the choice to experience our sites without personalized advertising based on your web browsing activity by visiting the DAA’s Consumer Choice page, the NAI’s website, and/or the EU online choices page, from each of your browsers or devices. To avoid personalized advertising based on your mobile app activity, you can install the DAA’s AppChoices app here. You can find much more information about your privacy choices in our privacy policy.

Even if you choose not to have your activity tracked by third parties for advertising services, you will still see non-personalized ads on our site.

By clicking continue below and using our sites or applications, you agree that we and our third party advertisers can:

  • transfer your personal data to the United States or other countries, and
  • process your personal data to serve you with personalized ads, subject to your choices as described above and in our privacy policy.

EU Data Subject Requests

Divide Continues Between Nations and Companies at United Nations Climate Talks

Divisions deepened at the U.N. climate talks pitting nations, governments, and companies against each other about global warming.




A closer look into Harvard scientists’ plan to block out the sun

Picking the right target

(EMMANUEL DUNAND/AFP/Getty Images)

Scientologists often target celebrities for recruitment due to their influence and wealth.

As it turns out, most people can be susceptible to cult influence under the right conditions. Research has shown that the people who are the most susceptible to recruitment are stressed, emotionally vulnerable, have tenuous or no family connections, or are living in adverse socioeconomic conditions. New college students are a prime example of good targets for cult recruitment since they’re still forming their identity and have recently been separated from their families. In addition, people who were neglected or abused as children may be easily recruited because they crave the validation denied them in their childhood.There’s a bit of a false belief out there that cult recruits tend to be mentally ill, but this usually isn’t the case. Cults don’t want completely unpredictable people to join; rather, they want relatively stable people who can work to forward the cult’s goal and donate money. Relatively healthy people going through stressful periods, therefore, are their prime targets.

Love-bombing

<p>Originally coined by the Moonies, love-bombing is more or less self-explanatory. Having identified a stressed, emotionally vulnerable target, cults flood that person with affection, flattery, and validation. Cult awareness educator Ronald N. Loomis described this practice <a href=”https://web.archive.org/web/20040818214228/http:/religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/cultsect/mdtaskforce/loomis_testimony.htm” target=”_blank”>on college campuses</a> as involving “a recruiter approaching the student and doing everything [they] can to make the student feel special and unique. They’re quickly trying to convey the message that I am your new best friend. And they will fake mutual interests in order to give the impression that they share many things in common.” He also described how one cult trained its members to wait outside counseling centers to poach troubled students and offer them the comfort they would otherwise get from a trained professional.</p>

Isolation

(BOB STRONG/AFP/Getty Images)

The Waco compound of the Branch Davidians, where they had stored up an arsenal of firearms. In 1993, federal agents engaged in an armed standoff against the cult that lasted for months, ultimately ending with the compound going up in flames.

Once they’ve enticed a recruit with approval or the promise of some fulfilling understanding of the universe, cultists then work to isolate the recruit. Often, this takes the form of a weekend retreat, where the recruit is immersed in the cult’s ideology over the course of a few days. Not only are recruits physically isolated from friends and family members who might otherwise provide a reality check, but cults often isolate recruits from outside information. Newspapers, books, TV, and web access are all censured, ensuring that the only reality the recruit gets to experience is the one presented by the cult.

Keeping control

<p>After convincing you that they’re the best friends you’ve ever had and bombarding you with the cult’s ideology, the cultists’ next job is to make sure they hang on to you. There’s a variety of techniques they can use to accomplish this, but these usually involve iteratively subjecting the cult recruit to terror and love.</p><p>In an interview with <em>Aeon</em><em></em>, social psychologist <a href=”https://aeon.co/essays/how-cult-leaders-brainwash-followers-for-total-control” target=”_blank”>Alexandra Stein</a> explained that “when we are frightened, we don’t simply run away from the fear, but run to a safe haven, ‘to someone…’—and that someone is usually a person to whom we feel attached. But when the supposed safe haven is also the source of the fear, then running to that person is a failing strategy, causing the frightened person to freeze, trapped between approach and avoidance.”</p><p>By keeping cult members totally off-balance in this way, cults increase their members’ dependency on the leader, ensuring they retain control. The exhausting, frozen state of “terror and avoidance” overwhelms cult members and their ability to think critically about the ideology they’ve suddenly committed themselves to. </p><p>Breaking out of this situation usually requires <a href=”https://www.cultwatch.com/how-to-leave-recover.html” target=”_blank”>some other ally</a>—another cult member who has become fed up with the system or another outside influence. Broadly, cults retain control over their members by controlling the narrative. Dissenting voices offer a landmark to cult members that they can use to situate themselves and find their way back to objective reality.</p>

Why our hearts and minds are easy targets for cult leaders

]]>

A closer look into Harvard scientists’ plan to block out the sun

Now, a group of researchers at Harvard plan to mimic that effect in a new experiment designed to illuminate how scientists might someday use geoengineering technology to curb climate change. The project, called Stratospheric Controlled Perturbation Experiment (SCoPEx), involves sending a steerable balloon into the stratosphere, about 20 km above ground, and releasing small particles of chalk, or calcium carbonate.




Life On Earth May Have Evolved Around 3.5 Billion Years Ago, Study Finds

In a recently published study by the Imperial College London, scientists have discovered that microbes could have performed oxygen-producing photosynthesis at least one billion years earlier in the history of the Earth than what scientists thought possible until now.

Image Credit: Comfreak / Pixabay

The new study tells us a lot about what life was like in Earth’s distant history, and how it evolved through time. 

As explained by scientists, the new study could forever change the way we think about complex lifeforms, and when they evolved on Earth. It also helps us understand how likely it is for life (as we know it) to have developed elsewhere in the solar system, or galaxy.

Oxygen, the key ingredient?

For complex life to exist on Earth, Oxygen is needed in our planet’s atmosphere. This element is used by lifeforms during aerobic respiration to make energy.

Earlier studies have shown that around 2.4 billion years ago, levels of oxygen dramatically rose in our planet’s atmosphere. However, experts could not agree on the reason why this happened.

There are some experts who maintain the spike in oxygen levels 2.4 billion years ago can be traced to organisms called cyanobacteria and when they first evolved.

As explained by scientists, these organisms were the first to perform oxygen-producing (oxygenic) photosynthesis on Earth.

But not everyone agrees.

Some scholars argue that cyanobacteria existed on Earth long before 2.4 billion years ago. But something occurred in the distant past that prevented oxygen accumulating in the atmosphere.

Cyanobacteria have the ability to perform a sophisticated form of oxygenic photosynthesis.

 In fact, it is the same type of photosynthesis that all planets on Earth do today. 

The new study published by scientists from Imperial College London argues that oxygenic photosynthesis came to be at least one billion years before cyanobacteria evolved.

Their findings were published in the journal Geobiology.

There, experts explain that oxygenic photosynthesis could have evolved very early in our planet’s history. This means that life could have also.

“We know cyanobacteria are very ancient, but we don’t know exactly how ancient. If cyanobacteria are, for example, 2.5 billion years old, that would mean oxygenic photosynthesis could have started as early as 3.5 billion years ago. It suggests that it might not take billions of years for a process like oxygenic photosynthesis to start after the origin of life,” explained the lead author of the study Dr. Tanai Cardona, from the Department of Life Sciences at Imperial.

“Our study instead shows that oxygenic photosynthesis likely got started long before the most recent ancestor of cyanobacteria arose. This is in agreement with current geological data that suggests that whiffs of oxygen or localized accumulations of oxygen were possible before three billion years ago,” experts concluded.




EPA Eases Rules on Coal Industry Despite Climate Change Warnings

Welcome! To bring you the best content on our sites and applications, Meredith partners with third party advertisers to serve digital ads, including personalized digital ads. Those advertisers use tracking technologies to collect information about your activity on our sites and applications and across the Internet and your other apps and devices.

You always have the choice to experience our sites without personalized advertising based on your web browsing activity by visiting the DAA’s Consumer Choice page, the NAI’s website, and/or the EU online choices page, from each of your browsers or devices. To avoid personalized advertising based on your mobile app activity, you can install the DAA’s AppChoices app here. You can find much more information about your privacy choices in our privacy policy.

Even if you choose not to have your activity tracked by third parties for advertising services, you will still see non-personalized ads on our site.

By clicking continue below and using our sites or applications, you agree that we and our third party advertisers can:

  • transfer your personal data to the United States or other countries, and
  • process your personal data to serve you with personalized ads, subject to your choices as described above and in our privacy policy.

EU Data Subject Requests

EPA Eases Rules on Coal Industry Despite Climate Change Warnings

Acting EPA administrator Andrew Wheeler signed the proposal Thursday despite strong criticism from environmental groups




College students choose smartphones over food, researchers find

<div id=”c2e8b” class=”rm-shortcode” data-rm-shortcode-id=”6UUAZI1544119541″><blockquote class=”instagram-media” data-instgrm-captioned data-instgrm-version=”4″ style=” background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:658px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% – 2px); width:calc(100% – 2px);”> <div style=”padding:8px;”> <div style=” background:#F8F8F8; line-height:0; margin-top:40px; padding:50% 0; text-align:center; width:100%;”> <div style=” background:url(data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAACwAAAAsCAMAAAApWqozAAAAGFBMVEUiIiI9PT0eHh4gIB4hIBkcHBwcHBwcHBydr+JQAAAACHRSTlMABA4YHyQsM5jtaMwAAADfSURBVDjL7ZVBEgMhCAQBAf//42xcNbpAqakcM0ftUmFAAIBE81IqBJdS3lS6zs3bIpB9WED3YYXFPmHRfT8sgyrCP1x8uEUxLMzNWElFOYCV6mHWWwMzdPEKHlhLw7NWJqkHc4uIZphavDzA2JPzUDsBZziNae2S6owH8xPmX8G7zzgKEOPUoYHvGz1TBCxMkd3kwNVbU0gKHkx+iZILf77IofhrY1nYFnB/lQPb79drWOyJVa/DAvg9B/rLB4cC+Nqgdz/TvBbBnr6GBReqn/nRmDgaQEej7WhonozjF+Y2I/fZou/qAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC); display:block; height:44px; margin:0 auto -44px; position:relative; top:-22px; width:44px;”> </div></div><p style=” margin:8px 0 0 0; padding:0 4px;”> <a href=”https://www.instagram.com/p/BrAV8mGlLPB/” style=” color:#000; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none; word-wrap:break-word;” target=”_top”>Мария Серёгина on Instagram: “Церковь Флора и Лавра в Селе Кибол Суздальского района Владимирской области. Построена в 1803 году. Стиль барокко. #заброшеннаяцерковь…”</a></p> </div></blockquote></div><p>Though churches have great financial (e.g. tax-free) perks, operational costs can be taxing. Strangely, some take issue with converting these properties into multi-use spaces. One of the best ideas is to host multi-religious gatherings: Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism—all religions congregate in one form or another. Even <a href=”https://www.economist.com/erasmus/2018/05/16/the-elusive-phenomenon-of-churches-without-god” target=”_blank”>atheists congregate</a>. Plus, as one Atlantic reader <a href=”https://www.theatlantic.com/letters/archive/2018/11/readers-respond-repurposing-americas-empty-churches/576679/?utm_term=2018-11-28T19:53:17&amp;utm_campaign=the-atlantic&amp;utm_medium=social&amp;utm_content=edit-promo&amp;utm_source=twitter” target=”_blank”>notes</a>, maybe the religious shouldn’t think so highly of their constructions:</p><p style=”margin-left: 20px;”>There’s nothing in the Bible that requires ornate houses of worship. Centuries of church leaders building ornate monuments to ego instead of using the funds to care for the poor are not something to be celebrated. Followers of a man who said to give your second coat to the poor shouldn’t be obsessed with buildings.</p><p>Yet churches are beautiful; even an atheist like myself can love gorgeous architecture. Regardless of your feelings on religion, anyone can appreciate what humans build in attempts of servicing higher ideals. Certain businesses are hip to this fact. Some churches are being sold to become hotels and Airbnbs. One Roman Catholic church in Troy, New York <a href=”https://www.timesunion.com/local/article/Fraternity-right-at-home-in-church-1019113.php” target=”_blank”>became a fraternity</a>, which might seem a strange transubstantiation at first, though the Greeks are known for rituals as well. </p>

<div class=”ad-tag”>
<div class=”ad-tag__inner”>
<div class=”gallery_ad”>
</div> </div> </div>

<div id=”cdb14″ class=”rm-shortcode” data-rm-shortcode-id=”N00AQ61544119541″><blockquote class=”instagram-media” data-instgrm-captioned data-instgrm-version=”4″ style=” background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:658px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% – 2px); width:calc(100% – 2px);”> <div style=”padding:8px;”> <div style=” background:#F8F8F8; line-height:0; margin-top:40px; padding:50% 0; text-align:center; width:100%;”> <div style=” background:url(data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAACwAAAAsCAMAAAApWqozAAAAGFBMVEUiIiI9PT0eHh4gIB4hIBkcHBwcHBwcHBydr+JQAAAACHRSTlMABA4YHyQsM5jtaMwAAADfSURBVDjL7ZVBEgMhCAQBAf//42xcNbpAqakcM0ftUmFAAIBE81IqBJdS3lS6zs3bIpB9WED3YYXFPmHRfT8sgyrCP1x8uEUxLMzNWElFOYCV6mHWWwMzdPEKHlhLw7NWJqkHc4uIZphavDzA2JPzUDsBZziNae2S6owH8xPmX8G7zzgKEOPUoYHvGz1TBCxMkd3kwNVbU0gKHkx+iZILf77IofhrY1nYFnB/lQPb79drWOyJVa/DAvg9B/rLB4cC+Nqgdz/TvBbBnr6GBReqn/nRmDgaQEej7WhonozjF+Y2I/fZou/qAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC); display:block; height:44px; margin:0 auto -44px; position:relative; top:-22px; width:44px;”> </div></div><p style=” margin:8px 0 0 0; padding:0 4px;”> <a href=”https://www.instagram.com/p/Bq6RyYwnJbh/” style=” color:#000; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none; word-wrap:break-word;” target=”_top”>Juvy Dichoso on Instagram: “#stdunstanintheeast #fleetstreet #london #church #churchyard #christopherwren #abandonedchurch #visitlondon #uk #hipstamatic…”</a></p> </div></blockquote></div><p>One <a href=”https://www.missionalwisdom.com/the-mix” target=”_blank”>Methodist location in Dallas</a> decided to open up their doors as a creative co-working space, which I find to be a perfect repurposing of space. Numerous artisans now work out of the location, including a florist and stained-glass-window artist, as well as a group teaching African refugees language and business skills. Even a yoga and community dance center was added. If Saddleback can have a coffee shop and mall on its campus, why not? </p><p>Another Methodist location in North Carolina worked in conjunction with that Dallas church to <a href=”https://www.citylab.com/design/2018/11/epidemic-of-empty-churches-adaptive-reuse/576619/” target=”_blank”>greatly expand</a> their offerings: </p><p style=”margin-left: 20px;”>In addition to coworking space, they retrofitted the building with a textile and woodworking shop, meeting rooms that are used by local business and AA groups, a retreat space that can sleep up to nine, and a commercial kitchen in the basement for local bakers and chefs. Outside, Missional Wisdom constructed a community garden, food forest, beehives for the Haw Creek Bee Club, a greenhouse, and a playground for the children who attend the school next door.</p>

<div id=”5c714″ class=”rm-shortcode” data-rm-shortcode-id=”W1BRSD1544119541″><blockquote class=”instagram-media” data-instgrm-captioned data-instgrm-version=”4″ style=” background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:658px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% – 2px); width:calc(100% – 2px);”> <div style=”padding:8px;”> <div style=” background:#F8F8F8; line-height:0; margin-top:40px; padding:50% 0; text-align:center; width:100%;”> <div style=” background:url(data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAACwAAAAsCAMAAAApWqozAAAAGFBMVEUiIiI9PT0eHh4gIB4hIBkcHBwcHBwcHBydr+JQAAAACHRSTlMABA4YHyQsM5jtaMwAAADfSURBVDjL7ZVBEgMhCAQBAf//42xcNbpAqakcM0ftUmFAAIBE81IqBJdS3lS6zs3bIpB9WED3YYXFPmHRfT8sgyrCP1x8uEUxLMzNWElFOYCV6mHWWwMzdPEKHlhLw7NWJqkHc4uIZphavDzA2JPzUDsBZziNae2S6owH8xPmX8G7zzgKEOPUoYHvGz1TBCxMkd3kwNVbU0gKHkx+iZILf77IofhrY1nYFnB/lQPb79drWOyJVa/DAvg9B/rLB4cC+Nqgdz/TvBbBnr6GBReqn/nRmDgaQEej7WhonozjF+Y2I/fZou/qAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC); display:block; height:44px; margin:0 auto -44px; position:relative; top:-22px; width:44px;”> </div></div><p style=” margin:8px 0 0 0; padding:0 4px;”> <a href=”https://www.instagram.com/p/BpHul7tlfZQ/” style=” color:#000; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none; word-wrap:break-word;” target=”_top”>Patricia on Instagram: “Librería Selexyz 🇳🇱 Expectacular. Ejemplo de nuevos usos para las iglesias en Holanda. #holland #vacaciones #agosto #viajes2018 #salimoshoy…”</a></p> </div></blockquote></div><p>These ideas are more in the spirit of church architecture (and mission) than selling off the land for a luxury hotel to be installed. Not that all capitalist endeavors are bad. An epic Catholic Church in the Netherlands was shuttered by Napoleon in 1794; today it is an <a href=”https://www.huffpost.com/entry/selexyz-dominicanen-the-700-year-old-church_b_2949961″ target=”_blank”>incredible bookstore</a>. And it would be hard to get tired of an <a href=”https://www.ifc.com/shows/portlandia/blog/2011/12/portland-alien-nativity-scene” target=”_blank”>alien nativity scene</a> housed in an old Portland church, complete with a “shaman Santa Claus”.</p><p>Perhaps the greatest use case is in Atlanta, where a 140-year-old Baptist Church was <a href=”https://patch.com/georgia/smyrna/smyrna-atheist-helps-revive-140-year-old-primitive-bac90948fe00″ target=”_blank”>saved</a> by the Atlanta Freethought Society. As the chairman of the AFS activism task force describes the group: </p><p style=”margin-left: 20px;”>Freethinker is kind of the broadest most general term. There are people who would never call themselves atheists, but they call themselves Freethinkers. To an Orthodox Christian they will appear to be atheists because they live without a belief, don’t act on any belief in God.</p><p>But really, isn’t the “church within” the point anyway? Real estate is just space; its value depends on a confluence of details. Wineries, pubs, skateparks—the list of uses for churches is endless. I’m just glad the Laser Tag Park in a <a href=”http://mentalfloss.com/article/29873/11-new-uses-old-churches” target=”_blank”>former Harrisburg church</a> didn’t make it either. Bad ideas are simply that.</p><p>Or perhaps local governments can move and repurpose the space for public good. The previous landowners were beneficiaries of old and outdated tax laws that often only helped those in specific groups. Expanding that outward to help the community-at-large might be the greatest potential use. Imagine that, using our tax dollars for something that helps everyone? </p><p>–</p><p><em>Stay in touch with Derek on <a href=”http://www.twitter.com/derekberes” target=”_blank”>Twitter</a> and <a href=”https://www.facebook.com/DerekBeresdotcom” target=”_blank”>Facebook</a>.</em></p>

<div class=”ad-tag”>
<div class=”ad-tag__inner”>
<div class=”gallery_ad”>
</div> </div> </div>

]]>

College students choose smartphones over food, researchers find

An experiment out of Buffalo shows that students are willing to put off eating in order to look at their phones. The subjects were willing to pay ever increasing amounts of money to use their phones even as the price of food remained the same.




Paleolithic People Amputated Their Fingers In ‘Bizarre Religious Sacrifice’

Chopping off fingers was apparently a thing in Paleolithic societies. Scientists have recently revealed that Paleolithic people cut off their own fingers in part of a bizarre, previously unknown religious sacrifice.

Image: Jean Clottes/McCauley et al./Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology

As noted by experts, missing fingers of finger parts is a very common appearance in cave art around the globe.

Based on the careful study of cave art from all around the world, scientists determined that handprints outlined with the use of a number of ancient pigments show that different artists had amputated fingers.

Scientists found that missing parts of fingers were a regular thing in art, and believe that the widespread absence of the appendages was most likely the result of a bizarre and previously unknown religious sacrifice.

However, experts also indicate that amputated fingers may also be the result of harsh environments through which our ancestors lived thousands of years ago. Experts point to frostbite, accidents, and animals as all possible causes for missing phalanges.

“Finger amputation was a reasonably common behavior in many regions in the recent past,” explained Mark Collard of Simon Fraser University in Canada in an interview with New Scientist.

“The available data seem to fit reasonably well with the hypothesis that some Upper Paleolithic people engaged in finger amputation for the purposes of religious sacrifice,” he added.

Cutting off fingers was apparently a thing, thousands of years ago.

This is according to a vast database of ancient sites from Africa, Eurasia, Oceania, and the Americas, which revealed 121 separate societies that exhibited the same behavior.

One of the best examples is perhaps the Grotte de Gargas in France, where we can find around 231 hand stencils. According to experts 114 of them have one or more missing fingers.

But not everyone agrees that ancient people chopped off their fingers in religious sacrifices.

Some experts have suggested that ancient people may have simply bent their fingers or even painted around it. Other scholars suggest that cutting off fingers may have been an ancient way of coping with grief after the loss of a loved one.

However, the most likely explanation, according to researchers and their study published in the Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology, is a religious sacrifice.

But different academics have different views.

“None of the ethnographic cases they cite match the distinctive pattern seen in the ice age hand stencils – namely, a sequential shortening of fifth, fourth and third fingers, with the thumb spared,” archaeologist Ian Gilligan of the University of Sydney explained. 

“On the other hand, pun intended, this pattern matches precisely the effects of frostbite. The pattern corresponds to the differing susceptibility of fingers to frostbite, with the thumb not affected.”

And while all of this may be just a theory, the experts themselves acknowledged that their answer to the millennia-old mystery may not be the best and most accurate one

“While the case for favoring the amputation hypothesis is not airtight,” the authors write in the paper, “we are of the opinion that it is strong enough to warrant treating the hypothesis as if it is correct for the purposes of further investigation, and this is what we did in the study reported here.”

Source:  A Cross-cultural Perspective on Upper Palaeolithic Hand Images with Missing Phalanges

Via: New Scientist




World Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rose 2.7 Percent in the Last Year, New Studies Show

Welcome! To bring you the best content on our sites and applications, Meredith partners with third party advertisers to serve digital ads, including personalized digital ads. Those advertisers use tracking technologies to collect information about your activity on our sites and applications and across the Internet and your other apps and devices.

You always have the choice to experience our sites without personalized advertising based on your web browsing activity by visiting the DAA’s Consumer Choice page, the NAI’s website, and/or the EU online choices page, from each of your browsers or devices. To avoid personalized advertising based on your mobile app activity, you can install the DAA’s AppChoices app here. You can find much more information about your privacy choices in our privacy policy.

Even if you choose not to have your activity tracked by third parties for advertising services, you will still see non-personalized ads on our site.

By clicking continue below and using our sites or applications, you agree that we and our third party advertisers can:

  • transfer your personal data to the United States or other countries, and
  • process your personal data to serve you with personalized ads, subject to your choices as described above and in our privacy policy.

EU Data Subject Requests

World Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rose 2.7 Percent in the Last Year, New Studies Show

New studies show that after years of little growth the global carbon dioxide emissions rose 2.7 percent in largest jump in seven years.




Earth Rang Like a Bell for 20 Minutes and Scientists Can’t Explain Why

On November 11, something really strange occurred that took scientists by surprise. Scientific instruments picked up inexplicable seismic waves that originated around 15 miles off the shores of a French island between Africa and Madagascar.

Image Credit: LoganArt / Pixabay

The strange part is, it wasn’t an earthquake

In fact, scientists have no idea what happened.

Was it a meteorite impact? A submarine volcano? Did a secret nuclear test happen? Was it aliens? 

No one seems to have an answer.

The waves picked up by seismic instruments rippled away from the shores of Mayotte, the French Island where it all began. Soon after, seismic sensors located in Zambia, Kenya, and Ethiopia picked up the same thing.

The fact that seismic sensor picked up seismic activity in ZambiaKenya, and Ethiopia may not seem weird at first. 

However, soon after, the seismic wave continued traveling until it was eventually picked up by researchers as far away as ChileNew ZealandCanada, and even Hawaii approximately 11,000 miles away.

It gets even stranger.

The mysterious phenomenon caused our planet to ring like a massive bell for a period of around twenty minutes, and as all of this was taking place, not a single human felt anything out of the ordinary.

It’s one of the strangest things to happen, taking experts entirely unprepared.

Göran Ekström, a seismologist at Colombia University explained that while our planet rang like a bell, the waves maintained a low-frequency monotone as it spread.

Crash course on Earthquakes

When earthquakes happen, usually scientists pick up a short-sharp crack. Because of the tensions that exist in Earth’s crust as it is released, scientists can pick up pulses of identifiable seismic waves which radiate outwards from where the earthquakes happen.

Scientists usually pick up a number of signals.

First, there are the so-called primary waves or P Waves which is the fastest kind of seismic wave. This type of signal is the first to arrive at a seismic station and it’s how scientists find out about the intensity of the quake. The so-called P-wave moves through solid rock and fluid.

After spotting P-waves, scientists usually discover the ‘secondary wave.

The Secondary waves move particles up and down. These waves are the second fastest traveling seismic waves spotted by seismologists.

Then, scientists identify so-called surface waves. These types of waves travel only through Earth’s crust. Surface waves are of a lower frequency than body waves and are easily distinguished on a seismogram as a result. as explained by experts, surface waves are almost entirely responsible for the damage and destruction associated with earthquakes.

Now, the strangest thing about the phenomenon that took place on November 11 event is that no Primary or Secondary waves were detected.

All that scientists registered were deep, resonate surface waves. Even stranger is perhaps the fact that the surface waves didn’t even rumble as an earthquakes surface wave tends to, instead, scientists picked up a cleaner, almost musical frequency.